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DEM. KARABEROPOULOS
KNOWLEDGE OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE THESSALIAN GREEK MASTER ANTHIMOS GAZIS (1758-1828) (in Greek).

 
Athens 1993
(pp.115)
 
  Anth. Gazis, a leading thinker, stemming from Milies of Pilion of Thessaly, as it can be seen in his work, had a sufficient knowledge of anatomy and physiology.

  Specifically in the fifth chapter of the book "Grammar of philosophical sciences" by the British author Benjamin Martin (1704-1782), which Gazis translated and published in Greek, in 1799, he refers to the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Gazis inserts enough footnotes the content of which indicates that he was informed on the recent discoveries on anatomy and physiology. In parallel it can be seen that he followed up closely the scientific books and journals; this can be assumed from his references to pertinent books of anatomy and physiology.

  From what it is known, for the first time in a Greek language book of the Neohellenic Enlightenment period, figures with the human body are inserted. Furthermore, the oxygen is mentioned as an indispensable element in respiration.

 


  It is of particular interest the footnote that Ant. Gazis makes in the chapter "About the heart" of the book "Consultation manual" (1801), by St. Nicodemus the Hagiorite. There he mentions the function of the heart and the blood's circulation. He also inserts an explanatory table of the two anatomical figures of the heart that Necodemus had added. It should be noted that the blood's circulation that was inserted in the fore-mentioned book by St. Nicodemus had an influence on the modern scientific thought of Rumania after the book was translated in Rumanian in 1826.

 

  In his three volumes "Dictionary" (published 1802-1816) Ant. Gazis inserts many terms of anatomy and physiology, which, quite frequently, are accompanied by texts of classical Greek doctors.

  Generally, with his works Anth. Gazis contributed to the establishment of the Greek scientific terminology. In this paper new elements are brought up, signifying Gazis’ multi-dimensional personality.


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